1 This photo was taken from the top of the Snider's Well area . The first column of rock is Chimney Rock in the Ute Mountain Tribal Park and near the entrance to Mancos Canyon. The column of rock in the far distance is Shiprock and the locals call the middle one, Flat Top.
2 Jim Wetherill Shaffner standing in the remnant hole of the Richard Wetherill excavation of the mid 1890's. Richard Wetherill uncovered a mass of human bones and skulls which may have been the result of a mass murder.
3 Overlay model of Yucca House on the hilltop. Holloway 2009.
4 Model II of Yucca House. Holloway 2009.
5 William Jackson photo of Yucca House 1871.
6 Bob Bernhart
9 Diane McBride
16 Marie Garcia Shaffner. Marie was Superintendent of Schools for the Belen school district and now retired. She has taken on the role as a resource for those interested in Tome, New Mexico history.
22 Pretty good size horse shoe.
23 This is the general area of the Snider property facilities in 1894
24 Fred Blackburn. This is the general area of the Snider property facilities in 1894
26 Double Kiva's near Snider's Well.
29 Dale Diede, Bob Bernhart, Jim Shaffner, Bob McBride, Diane McBride, Fred Blackburn, Nancy Evans, Robert Sawyer.
30 Pot handle piece found at the site.
31 Pot handle piece found at the site.
32 This is the general area of the Snider property facilities in 1894.
33 Jim shaffner and Robert Sawyer near the south edge of Snider's Well.
34 Fred Blackburn kindly shared his fascinating historic research of Snider's Well and surrounds as a kickoff orientation to the area.
35 Snider's Well covered in brush. in 1894 there were no trees or brush.
36 Dale Diede and Fred Blackburn. Dale handles the GIS mapping for the group.
37 Nancy Evans, Bob Bernhart, Robert Sawyer, Bob McBride, Fred Blackburn, Diane McBride. Nancy Evans is the news editorfor the archeology chapter.
38 Jim Shaffner in the depression of Snider's Well.
40 Fred Blackburn describing Snider's Well rediscovery and NPS relationship to it. Fred is a local historian and author. Fred Blackburn is also an independent guide, author, and contractor responsible for organizing the donation of Wetherill family collections to the Anasazi Heritage Center. He serves as a liaison between the Anasazi Heritage Center and the Wetherill family in a volunteer role. He has written extensively about the early archaeological era of the Four Corners. He co-authored with Dr. Ray Williamson Cowboys and Cave Dwellers, reviewing early archaeological explorations in the Grand Gulch and Mesa Verde region.
41 L-R Bob Bernhart, Dale Diede, Robert sawyer, Bob McBride, Fred Blackburn, Jim Shaffner, Diane McBride, Nancy Evans. Diane McBrideis a writer, surveyor, artifact analyst and site map maker.
42 Jim Shaffner is the grandson of Richard Wetherill. He is the webmaster for the Wetherill family website as well as other sites related to history of the Four Corners area. He is researching the Snider's Well area for a book about the Wetherill family and in particular Richard Wetherill. The Snider's Well excavation by Richard Wetherill in 1894 was on a return trip from Grand Gulch, Utah
43 Bob McBride and hound. Bob is the lead investigator for the group.
44 Bob McBride in Snider's Well. The house foundation that we found and recorded today is located about 40 meters east of Snider's Well and about 15 meters east of our Survey Area on the Karwick property. It consisted of 29 sandstone slabs in rough rectangular alignment measuring 4.5x5 meters (Feature 1). Fred indicated that this was Snider's homestead (circa 1890) and that Fred had photo's of this place showing a white wooden structure and that he might be willing to let us use the in our report. Nothing is left where this structure once stood other than the sandstone slabs, a wooden post, and artifacts. There were a total of 48 artifacts in the immediate vicinity of the foundation mostly small window pane glass shards. Some purple glass bottles shards found are datable. Both square and machine made nails were present. Brown and green glass was also present and a small phenolic button. East of the house foundation a few meters was a pit which Fred believed to be an outhouse (Feature 2), but no structure remained only a few sandstone slabs. The area surrounding the house and intermixed with the above historic artifacts are puebloan artifacts and a double kiva depression (Fearure 3) each measuring 7 meter diameter and 0.5 meters deep. Artifacts recorded: 47 pottery sherds and 33 flakes. All of the 33 diagnostic sherds were PIII (A.D. 1150-1300) . On the second transect we found another Kiva (Feature 4) measuring 10m dia x 1.2m deep. This dia is associated with the minimum size of a great kiva. Artifacts associated with this kiva indicate a date of PIII (A.D. 1150-1300). Both of the kiva features, 3&4, had no associated room blocks or other structures above ground. Both were on top of a narrow ridge running to the southeast. Both were separated by only 35 m. We completed three N-S transects with a 5 m spacing between us. This is tighter spacing than our usual 15 m spacing because of the rocky ground clutter makes it difficult to spot artifacts. This spacing seem to work well.
45 Bob McBride in Snider's Well.
46 Area around Snider's Well.
47 Area around Snider's Well.
48 Oysters Packed by Cornforth Fish Co., listed in the 1911 Colorado Business Directory, Denver C-D, Denver County.
50 Ammonite fossil found at the site. it's predatory marine mollusk.
51 Ammonite fossil found at the site. it's predatory marine mollusk.
55 Marie Garcia Shaffner, Fred Blackburn standing on the south edge of Snider's Well.
56 Jim Shaffner, Marie Garcia Shaffner, Fred Blackburn standing of the south edge of Snider's Well.